Obtain permanent residence in Canada

Permanent residence is a status that allows an individual to settle freely in a province of their choice in Canada. The individual has the opportunity to live, work, and study there, just like a Canadian citizen.

How do you obtain permanent residence?

In simplified terms, there are two economic routes for applying for permanent residence in Canada: the economic route for Quebec and Express Entry for the other provinces.

The first route is preferred by Francophones and consists of applying for a Quebec “CSQ” selection certificate. After this selection, candidates will be able to submit their application for permanent residence to the federal authorities.

Express Entry is the method used for the rest of the Canadian provinces. It operates according to a scoring system assigned to eligible candidates. The top-ranked applicants get invitations to apply for permanent residence.

You should know that there are a multitude of economic programs to qualify for permanent residence, including the Quebec Experience Program, the self-employed workers program, and others.

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What are the responsibilities and duties of people with permanent resident status?

The obligations of permanent residents are, in particular, compliance with the laws in force on Canadian territory, and in particular the obligation of residence.

There are also certain rights that permanent residents do not have access to and that only Canadian citizens can enjoy. For example, the Canadian passport is reserved for citizens. A permanent resident is also not entitled to vote in Canadian elections.

These conditions are once again not exhaustive, and in order to know if you meet the eligibility conditions, we invite you to contact us to discuss it with a professional.


This article contains general immigration information and does not constitute advice or legal guidance. For a full and detailed legal opinion as well as an assessment of your situation, contact our lawyer.

Alice Santamaria, immigration lawyer

Alice Santamaria has practiced exclusively in Canadian immigration law for several years in Montreal.

Passionate about defending her clients and the success of each immigration project, Me Santamaria represents each client by making sure to provide transparent, personalized, and professional service while maintaining a human approach.

Before becoming a lawyer, Me Santamaria completed a Master’s in International Law at the University of Montreal, worked at the United Nations in Geneva, and was involved in several associations fighting for human rights and defending the rights of immigrants and refugees.


Our practice areas



Visitor visa

Do you want to visit Canada or temporarily join your grandchildren or children?


Study permit

Do you want to start or continue your studies in Canada?

work permit

Work permit

Do you want to work in Canada?

Are you a Canadian employer looking to hire a foreign worker?


Qualified worker

Are you a qualified worker and you wish to apply for permanent residence in Quebec or in another province in Canada?


Family reunion

Are you a Canadian citizen or permanent resident and would like your spouse to join you permanently in Canada?


Humanitarian and asylum cases

Are you an asylum seeker seeking protection from Canada?

In some situations, you may be able to apply for permanent residence on humanitarian grounds.


Canadian citizenship

The status of Canadian citizen opens all the doors of Canada to an individual and is the “holy grail” for any temporary resident or permanent resident wishing to live in Canada.


Permanent residence

Permanent residence is a status that allows an individual to settle freely in a province of their choice in Canada. He has the opportunity to live, work and study there, just like a Canadian citizen.

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